How to Use Invoice Factoring to Unlock Working Capital

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Working capital is vital when it comes to maintaining smooth operations in business. According to the experts at finance company Thales Financial, one way to boost your working capital is with invoice factoring. But do you know what factoring your invoices means?

What is Invoice Factoring?

Invoice factoring is a financial transaction where a business sells its outstanding invoices to a factoring company at a discounted rate. This practice has been around for centuries and is commonly used in industries like transportation, manufacturing, and staffing.

How Invoice Factoring Works – A Detailed Breakdown

To begin, you will need to identify invoices that are suitable for factoring. Look for outstanding invoices from creditworthy clients with a reasonable due date, typically within 30 to 90 days. It’s essential to choose invoices from clients with a good payment history as the factoring company will assess their creditworthiness before approving the transaction.

When choosing a factoring company, it’s important to find one that understands your industry and offers favorable terms. Compare their fee structures, advance rates, and contract lengths. Check for reviews or testimonials from other businesses in your industry and consider consulting with colleagues or professional networks for recommendations.

Once you’ve chosen a factoring company you’ll need to provide them with the necessary documentation, such as invoices, proof of delivery, or any other relevant paperwork. Make sure all the information is accurate and up to date to avoid delays or complications in the factoring process.

After reviewing and approving your submitted invoices, the factoring company will advance a percentage of the invoice value to your business. This advance rate usually ranges from 70-90% and is typically transferred to your account within 24-48 hours. The quick access to funds enables you to address immediate working capital needs such as payroll, inventory, or other expenses.

Instead of having to chase clients for payment, the factoring company will handle the collections process. They will reach out to your clients, reminding them of their payment obligations and ensuring timely remittance. This frees up your time and resources, allowing you to focus on growing your business.

Once your clients have paid their invoices in full, the factoring company will send the remaining balance to your business, minus their fees. These fees can include a factoring fee (a percentage of the invoice value) and other administrative or transactional charges. It’s important to understand the fee structure and ensure that the costs align with your business’s financial goals.

Advantages of Invoice Factoring

The following are some of the benefits of invoice factoring:

  • Instead of waiting for clients to pay, you’ll receive funds within days. This enables you to cover expenses or invest in growth.
  • Regular cash inflows help you manage payroll, inventory, and other expenses more effectively.
  • Factoring companies handle credit checks and collections, saving you time and effort.
  • Invoice factoring can be an alternative to bank loans, which may have stricter requirements and longer processing times.
  • Factoring agreements can be customized to fit your business’s specific needs.

Potential Drawbacks of Invoice Factoring

While invoice factoring has its benefits, it’s essential to consider the potential downsides:

  • Factoring fees may be higher than traditional financing options.
  • Some clients may view factoring as a sign of financial instability.
  • The factoring company’s collection methods may differ from your own, affecting client relationships.
  • Factoring can be a helpful tool, but it’s not a permanent fix for financial challenges.


Invoice factoring can be an effective tool for businesses seeking to unlock working capital. By understanding the process, and weighing the advantages and drawbacks, you can make informed decisions on whether invoice factoring is the right solution for your business.